hba1c and diabetes-HbA1c and blood glucose Your HbA1c value depends on the average blood glucose levels during the last 2–3 months. A 1% increase in HbA1c (measured with the DCCT-equivalent method) means that you have had an average increase of approximately 2 mmol/L (35 mg/dl) in blood glucose levels compared with when your last test
Epidemiological StudiesThe association between type 2 diabetes and obesity has long been recognized. As early as in the 1920s, Dr. Elliot Joslin recommended lifestyle modification focusing on weight reduction and increased physical activity to prevent type 2 diabetes. More recent epidemiological studies have confirmed the importance of obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and the role of
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing rapidly throughout the world. In 2003 it was estimated that there were 194 million people with diabetes worldwide, with 90–95% having type 2 diabetes. By 2025 the total number of people with diabetes is predicted to reach 333 million, a 72% increase in prevalence.
Tertiary prevention is aimed at delaying or preventing the development of complications in subjects who already have Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). A landmark trial investigating patients with T1D showed that good glycemic control can reduce the likelihood of microvascular complications leading to blindness or kidney disease, but the trend toward a decrease in macrovascular disease
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors act together to precipitate the onset of the disease. The excess mortality associated with complications of T1D and the increasing incidence of childhood T1D emphasize the importance of therapeutic strategies to prevent this chronic