Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Epidemiological StudiesThe association between type 2 diabetes and obesity has long been recognized. As early as in the 1920s, Dr. Elliot Joslin recommended lifestyle modification focusing on weight reduction and increased physical activity to prevent type 2 diabetes. More recent epidemiological studies have confirmed the importance of obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and the role of
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing rapidly throughout the world. In 2003 it was estimated that there were 194 million people with diabetes worldwide, with 90–95% having type 2 diabetes. By 2025 the total number of people with diabetes is predicted to reach 333 million, a 72% increase in prevalence.