The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VII) characterizes hypertension and concomitant diabetes as a high-risk condition and a compelling indication for specific pharmacologic therapy.
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It substantially increases the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and nephropathy. There is a positive association between hypertension and insulin resistance and the evidence of a causal link is growing. When hypertension coexists with diabetes, as it commonly does, the risk of stroke