Principles of Diabetes Mellitus
What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis results from a lack of insulin. In practice it is usually due to: stopping insulin or reducing the dose either in error or deliberately, resistance to insulin during infections or other intercurrent illness, the unrecognised onset of Type 1 diabetes. The clinical onset of ketoacidosis occurs over hours or days.
What are type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS) is a disease of multifactorial autoimmune causation.Worldwide, there is a marked geographic variation in prevalence. The overall lifetime risk in Caucasian subjects is approximately 0–4%. Type 1 DIABETES MELLITUS is caused by an interaction between environmental factors and an inherited genetic predisposition. In twin
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is set to become one of the world’s biggest health problems owing to the projected increase in new cases. The word diabetes means ‘to run through’ or ‘a siphon’ in Greek and the condition has been recognized since the time of the ancient Egyptians. Mellitus (from the Latin and Greek roots for
hba1c and diabetes-HbA1c and blood glucose Your HbA1c value depends on the average blood glucose levels during the last 2–3 months. A 1% increase in HbA1c (measured with the DCCT-equivalent method) means that you have had an average increase of approximately 2 mmol/L (35 mg/dl) in blood glucose levels compared with when your last test
Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Glycosylated haemoglobin or HbA1c is the name for the test used to measure average glucose control over a longer period of time. HbA1c is named after a subgroup of adult haemoglobin, the red pigment in blood cells, which binds and transports oxygen in the red blood cells. Glucose molecules become attached to